These guidelines have been developed to support the management of the Graduate Development Programme offered by RAP3. The guidelines explain the different phases in the RAP3 graduate development programme, key roles and responsibilities, and the selection and performance assessment processes.
The approach of Specific Maintenance Groups (SMGs) was introduced by RAP3 in 2016 as a new and alternative method for undertaking Specific Maintenance; repairs to localised access bottlenecks ('critical sections' or repairs following emergency incidents) on the Local Road Network (LRN). Typically where the works are relatively straightforward they were traditionally performed through Users Committees (UCs). However the use of UCs had become beset with the problems including:
- Tendencies to subcontract their labour-based earnings by hiring machinery or other sub-contractors.
- Tendencies to procure their own materials and supplies with resulting quality and transparency issues.
- Selection of UC members was often poorly controlled resulting in political nominations and artificial name lists.
- Numbers of workers were often grossly excessive resulting in a workforce that was not competent (untrained), ill-equipped (not enough gear to go around) and poorly managed.
These guidelines describe the process of creating and contracting Road Maintenance Groups (RMGs) for the maintenance of the District Road Core Network (DRCN) in Nepal. The DRCN is the set of main rural roads providing access to all Village Development Committees (VDCs), and its maintenance is the responsibility of the District Development Committee (DDC).
The Nepal Road Sector Assessment Study found that the rate of road fatalities (per 100,000 inhabitants per year) has risen to 17.1, compared to Cambodia 12.3, Malaysia 3.5 Australia 1.0 and the United Kingdom 0.7. The study also confirms that the rate of accidents is now increasing by over 25% each year. RAP is helping to pioneer road safety assessment as part of the annual road condition surveys that are used to determine maintenance works which should allow road safety engineering responses to be funded through district maintenance budget.
These DTMP Guidelines serve to assist the user in the preparation of a District Transport Master Plan (DTMP) for the conservation, improvemnet and new construction of the District Road Core Network (DRCN).
These are related to the 5 year DTMPs but cover the period of one year only. These are derived from both the DTMP and the annual road condition surveys conducted by the districts to determine the LRN works programme for a given year using various sources of funding including that of programmes such as RAP.
The new DTMP’s are an attempt to move towards establishing an LRN network of all-weather roads. This has meant that LRN Standards and Specifications have been reviewed for DOLIDAR by RAP. A second review is expected to ensure that these address road safety issues.
The purpose of this brochure is to provide an overview of the Rural Access Programme Phase 3 (RAP3). It describes the objective, core principles, programme areas, programme components and implementation arrangements. The target audience of the brochure are the stakeholders who are related with RAP3 implementation in general and the DDC and DTO officials in particular.