The former district of Mugu, now called Mugu District Coordination Committee (DCC) is located in Province No. 6 of the Mid-western Region of Nepal. It borders with Dolpa DCC to the East, Bajura to the West, Humla and Tibbet of People Republic of China to the North and Kalikot and Jumla DCC to the South. The Mugu DCC has 3 Rural Municipalies, 1 Municipility, 1 Constituency of House of Representative and 2 Provincial Constituencies. Moreover, the DCC is also divided into 4 broad geographical areas; Khatyad area, Soru area, Gam area and Karan area. The DCC, with Gamgadhi as its district headquarters, covers an area of 3,103 km2 and has a population of 55286 as per census 2011. The Mugu lies in the High-Hills. The lowest elevation point is 1,201 meter and the highest elevation point is 6,717 meter from mean sea level. Mugu Karnali, Humla Karnali and Khatyad are the major rivers in the DCC. The biggest lake called Rara Tal is located in this DCC. As a result of the elevation differences, the DCC has four different types of climate. The annual rainfall is about 706 mm and temperatures vary from 0 ºC to 30 ºC. Only 5 % of total areas are cultivable in Mugu DCC. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year.
According to the National Census 2011, the total population of the DCC is 55,286 comprising 27,261 female (49%) and 28,025 male (51%) residing in 9,619 households. Mugu DCC has an average population density of around 18 people per square km. The average family size is 6.1. The average literacy rate is about 49% (38% female and 60% male are literate). Mugu DCC has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Thakuri, Brahman, Tamang Sherpa Bhote Lama, Damai, Kami, Newar, Kumal, Sunar, Bitalu and Yogi. The common language is Nepali (89%) followed by Bhot (10%).
Mugu has access to the Jumla through Jumla–Gamgadhi road which is currently being constructed by DRILP under Mugu DCC and by DOR. A 65 km feeder road between the DCC headquarters and Sukadhik, near to Bajura border is currently also being planned to construct by DOR. The another feeder road with 20 km between Sukhadhik and Dulachaur which passes through the border of Bajura and Mugu DCC is also under planned which ultimately link up the DCC headquarter. The Gamgadhi-Nagchelagna road with 85 km length is being also under planning stage by DoR as regional road. This road connects Gamgadhi with Tibbet and passes through provincial constituency 1 of eastern Mugu.