Jumla District Coordination Committee (DCC, formerly called Jumla district is situated in the Province 6 of mid-western region of Nepal. The total area of Jumla is 2531 sq.km. Jumla is surrounded by Dolpa in the east, Kalikot in the west, Mugu in the north and Jajarkot in the south. Jumla is situated in Longitude between 81⁰ 28' E to 82⁰ 18'East and Latitude between 28⁰ 58'N to 29⁰ 30'North. Geographically Jumla is divided into three distinct regions from north to south, viz higher Himalayan region, Higher Mountain and Mid Mountains. The Higher Himalyan Region comprises of Patarasi and Kanjirowa Himalayan range. The elevation of Jumla ranges from 915 m to 4679m from mean sea level. The average temperature varies from 18⁰c to 30⁰c in summer and -14⁰ c to 8⁰c in winter and the annual average rainfall is 1343.0mm. The major rivers in Jumla are Hima, Tila and Jawa.
The main economic activity of Jumla is agriculture and livelihood where more than 85% of Jumla population depends on the agriculture. Paddy, Maize, Millet, Wheat and Barley are the usual cereal crops and apple, potato, bean, oil seed and herbal products are the cash crops. The living standard of rural people could not be improved despite of the top priority given to the agriculture sector due to the lack of rural infrastructures such as roads, market centers, electrification and communication etc.
Jumla has a municipality and 7 rural municipalities. The Headquarter of Jumla is recently linked with road network and passenger bus service is available during fair weather. Air service is the main transportation mean of this district with regular flights to Nepalgunj available at all seasons.
The DCC body of Jumla has given its highest priority on rural roads and this is regard 142.5 km earthen road is constructed, out of which the vehicles are plying over 87km during fair weather. All rural roads are earthen type and concern is focused to upgrade the rural roads from fair weather to all weather standards.
Land use pattern:
The total area of Jumla is 254365 hectare. The 39486 hectare land is useful for agriculture but only 26701 hectare is being cultivated. The irrigated land is 3501 hectare, out of total cultivated land of 26701 hectare.
Rivers and Lakes:
Tila, Hima and Java are tha major rivers of Jumla and majority of productive land is situated along the banks of the rivers. There is emmence possibility to use this river water for irrigation, install improved ghatta, hydropower and drinking purpose. The lakes like Bishnu Tal, Shankha Daha, Thakurjyu Daha, Hudke daha and Jogini Tal etc.are potential destination of domestic and international tourism.
The land above 12000 feet is not suitable for tree species so bushes, shrubs and flowering herbs are the major plants. These area is rich for high value Non Timber Forest Products ie. Yarshagumba, Padamchal, Jatamansi, Kutki, panchaule etc. Similarly, the lower part of the district is occupied by broadleaf and coniferous forest with dominant of Pinus, Dhupi, Gurans, Bhojpatra, Khasru,etc. The wild animals like, Kasturi, Jharal, Ghoral, Leopard, Bandel, snow Leopard and wolf etc can be found in the forests of Jumla.
Religious and Tourism area:
The temples of Chandan Nath and Bhairabnath are situated in Khalanga, Kanakasundari temple, Kartikswami thakurjyu, Pandavgupha, Dansaghu dovan,Malikasthan and Ganehsthan are the major religious places of Hindus in Jumla. Similarly Chotra Gumba, Manidillikot Gumba at Guthichour VDC. Manandhar gumba at Dillichour are other religious places.
According to the National Census 2011, the total population of Jumla is 107,695 comprising 54,099 (50.5%) female and 53,596 (49.5%) male with in 19,303 households. Jumla has an average population density of around 43people per square km. The average family size is 5.9 and life expectancy of 54 years. The average literacy rate is about 51%. It has multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Thakuri, Brahman, Damai, Kami and Bhote. Khas (Nepali) is the common language.
Although accessibility to Jumla is limited, it is improving rapidly. The main access road to Jumla is Karnali Highway (Surkhet-Jumla) with a total length of about 232 km. This road is being upgraded from earthen to black-topped standard by Department of Road. The DoR is in the process of improvement of Nagma-Mugu feeder road bifurcating from Surkhet-Jumla highway at Nagma bazaar that has a vital role in contributing towards seasonal transportation services to Jumla as a linkage to Jumla headquarter and regional development center of Surkhet as well.