District Profile


Doti District Development Committee (DCC), formerly called Doti District is located in Province 7 of the far-western region of Nepal. It borders with Achham and Surkhet to the East, Dadeldhura and Baitadi to the West, Bajhang to the North and Kailali to the South. Topographically, Doti entails 28°54' - 29°28' latitude and 80° 30' - 81°14' longitudes. Geopolitically, Doti is administratively divided into 2 municipalities and 7 rural municipalities.

The total area of Doti is 2,025 sq km. Almost area of  Doti lies on Mid-hill area and few area lies on Terai and high hill. The lowest elevation point is 600 meter and the highest elevation point is 4,000 meter from mean sea level. Elevation of Doti Headquarter Silgadhi is 1250 m.  Seti, Thuligad, Tunagad, Kalagad, Sahiligad and Gandakigad are main rivers flowing in Doti.

As a result of the elevation differences, Doti has four different types of climate: tropical up to 1,200 m where temperature increase more than 44Celsius, subtropical from 1,200-2,100 m, Temperate above 2,100-3300m and Alpine above 3300m . The annual rainfall is about 1,347 mm and temperature varies from 0.2 ºC to 44ºC. Subsistence agriculture farming, mainly small scale livestock is the main source of occupation and livelihood of the majority of the population, with 71.42% of the population active in this sector. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year.

According to the National Census 2011, the total population of Doti is 211,750 comprising 114,498 female (54.04%) and 97,252 male (45.93%) residing in 41,440 households. Doti has an average population density of around 105 people per square km. The average family size is 4.99. The average life expectancy is 53 years (Female is 55 and 50 years). The average literacy rate is about 59.4% (45.66% female and 76.65% male). Doti has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Thakuri, Kami, Damai, Brahman, Sarki, Sanyashi, Magar, Newar and others. The common language is Nepali (98.78%).

There are numerous district and village roads. From the field study, it has been observed that most of them are in fair weather condition. Most of these roads have been constructed using excavator without proper planning and engineering design. The study team has found Doti in a relatively better transport situation. Doti has an easy surface transport connection with major market and commercial cities namely Dadeldhura and Dhangdhi. However, most of the rural roads are in poor condition and need to be improved /upgraded for safe and reliable journey. Doti has access to the Mahakali Highway (Attariya-Dadeldhura-Darchula). A feeder road between the Dadeldhura (Syaule) and Achham (Mangalsen) is recently upgraded to bituminous standard by DoR.