RAP3 has had 5 technical components.

The Local Road Network (LRN) component has been for the starting point RAP3 support, setting the stage and providing guidelines for LRN Asset Management. Physical works on the LRN has created short term employment and increased incomes.

Economic infrastructure works under the Social and Economic Development (SED) component have also created sort term employment and increased incomes, which have in turn provided the foundations for wider income generation initiatives linked to agricultural, market systems development.

Following a fundamental review by DFID SED was replaced by CONNECT which focused instead on private sector business development and partnering with established business people and academics to look at how to grow local, agro based businesses as a way of stimulating commercial agriculture to the benefit of small farmers using roads networks maintained by RAP3.

An extensive Capacity and Institutional Building component has supported the implementation and sustainability of the above components, including annual performance assessments for RAP3 engineers, LRN Interns and Graduates programme and support to the introduction of a P ENG qualification by the Nepal Engineering Council.

A sector wide approach to supported by an LRN Policy and Harmonisation component in areas such as LRN road standards, work norms, Guidelines for Road Maintenance Groups undertaking routine maintenance, District (DTMP), Provincial (PTMP) and Municipal Transport Master Plans (MTMP).

RAP3 has had 2 performance components.

As one of the first, large scale Results Based programmes, RAP was designed to link payment of invoices to measurable results delivered on the ground which required a Performance Management component administered byy IMC.

This was in turn supported by an independent third party Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL) component managed by British consultants ITAD through a separate contract.